INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

 

Capacity Building International Network (CBIN) Pvt. Ltd. has been working in the field of Airport wildlife Hazard and Environmental Management Activities at and around country’s major airports including Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) Kathmandu, Nepal in support of Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAA Nepal). Airport Bird/wildlife strike hazard assessment and raise awareness for aviation safety and sustainability program run by CBIN aim to sustain the environmental issues related to aviation safety and bird/wildlife at TIA and other major airports of Nepal.

 

TIA, a only international airport in Nepal, situated in the middle of the country at an elevation of 4,390 feet in a valley surrounded by hills. The airport was in an isolated at the time of establishment in 1949, but now is in the middle of the dense human settlement and local market places. The polluted rivers on either side of runway, un-scientific municipal solid waste management and emergence of earthworms near the runway and taxiways after monsoon rains in late summer are some of the bird attractants. Birds of prey such as kites, eagles, vultures and falcons are major bird types hazardous to aircraft operations at TIA recorded major bird strike in 1996 since SOPEJ till 2007 and then CBIN is actively working in the field of Airport Bird/Wildlife Strike Hazard Assessment and Management Program at TIA and other airports of Nepal.

 

The one aspect of Airport Bird/wildlife Hazard Management, which is similar for all airports, is maintaining a reliable record of the hazard remaining despite the implementation of the risk management plan. In respect of actual bird strikes to aircraft, is a requirement included in International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

 

It is likely that many larger airports will need the services of specialist advisers to assist in the initial preparation and ongoing review of the risk management plan. Many of the ‘tools’ at the disposal of airport operators will find at least some place in any risk management plan but not necessarily to the same degree. These are essentially considered in three categories i) Airport Habitat Managementgrass and surface water including transient accumulations management, exclusion of roosting opportunities in buildings and trees within the airport perimeter  ii) Airport Locality Habitat Review  – the area beyond the airport perimeter where bird attractants or related bird activity have the potential to directly affect the operational safety of aircraft using the airport  according to ICAO definition of a 13km radius circle around the airport. Iii) Active on-airport control systems – bird activity monitoring, bird deterrence methods, ATC alerting channels.

 

The selection of a balance of appropriate risk management methods will depend not only on the apparent effectiveness of deterrence of birds, but often on an understanding of any particular reasons why given species are present therefore CBIN purposed to carry out baseline bird survey in the major airports of Nepal. Presently, Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAA Nepal) is undertaking program of action to mitigate the problems of birds/wildlife at all airports in Nepal by developing integrated management plan with CBIN.